The 10 and 11 Year Old Child

Having a 5th grade child, you are the parent of a leader of our lower school. That means big gains in academics as we prepare for middle school, and often growth spurts and hormone surges. Each child moves at a different rate, and it can be quite a journey! The following is a list that describes some of the characteristics of a 10-11 year old child.

The Ten Year Old: Growth Patterns

Physical:

-large muscle development
-needs outdoor time and physical challenge
-handwriting often sloppier than at age 9
-periods of rest helpful for growing bodies
-needs a great deal of physical activity
-upper body strength underdeveloped
-loves group games, relays, team sports, and other organized  activities

Social:

-fairness issues peak and can be solved
-quick to anger-quick to forgive
-generally content
-works very well in groups
-enjoys both family and peers
-likes clubs, activities, sports
-usually truthful, developing more mature sense of right and wrong
-good at solving social issues
-basically cooperative nature
-good age to begin working on peer mediation, conflict resolution
-uses teams, groups, games, and competition for practice in social situation
-generally satisfied with own ability; happy and flexible
-loves serving in role as teacher of younger children
-enjoys helping in the community
-enjoys being noticed and rewarded for efforts
-quick tempers may lead to physical outbursts and tears, quickly and easily solved

Language:

-good listeners
-voracious readers
-expressive, talkative, likes to explain
-cooperative and competitive
-friendly, generally happy

Cognitive:

-memorization productive
-increased ability to abstract
-likes rules and logic
-classification and collections of interest; likes to organize
-able to concentrate, read for extended periods
-highly productive with school work; usually conscientious with homework
-pays close attention to form, structure, directions, organization
-actively receptive learners
-good problem solvers
-proud of academic accomplishments

The Eleven Year Old: Growth Patterns

Physical:

-vast appetite for food and physical activity and talking with others
-growth spurt of early adolescence for some girls
-constant motion; restless
-more illness; colds, flu, ear infections
-need for more sleep
-physical aggression not uncommon
-fine motor capability good
-individual gross motor skills (throwing, catching, kicking) accelerate rapidly
-loves challenge of competition; prefers team sports
-improving ability to play as a team

Social:

-moody; sensitive
-oppositional; desire to test the limits and rules
-often does best away from home
-impulsive; rude; unaware
-loves to argue
-difficulty with decisions
-self-absorbed
-extremes of emotion
-inclusion/exclusion; height of cliques; seeks to belong
-saving face important

Language:

-impulsive-talks before thinking
-can be cruel
-argumentative; debater
-appreciates  humor
-imitates adult language

Cognitive:

-prefers new tasks and experiences to reflection or revision of  previous work
-able to abstract
-deductive reasoning advances
-can establish and modify rules, develop hypotheses
-increased ability to de-center and see world from various perspectives
-loves to argue

Source: Yardstick: Children in the Classroom by Chip Woods

For more information you might find the following resource helpful!
http://www.education.com/grade/fifth-grade/