Mindset (Book)

Mindset: The New Psychology of Success

by Carol S. Dweck

Believing that your qualities are carved in stone is the fixed mindset.

-makes effort disagreeable
-leads to inferior learning strategies
-praise for ability/intelligence harms motivation and performance

-“You must be smart,” pushes students into a fixed mindset
-student avoids taking risks for fear of no longer appearing to be smart



The growth mindset is based on the belief that your basic qualities are things you can cultivate through effort
-primary goal is to expand knowledge and ways to see/investigate the world
-grades not an end in themselves, rather a means to grow
-praise given for effort and achievement
-“Wow you got 8 right. That is a really good score. You must have worked really hard.”
-praise for what it takes to succeed
-“You really studied hard and your improvement shows it.”
-children need honest and constructive feedback
-“I feel sad when I see you missing a chance to learn. Can you think of a way to do     this that would help you learn?”
-mistakes are opportunities for suggestions and teaching
-message: you are a developing person
-learn to love challenges
-growth mindset teachers tell students the truth and then give the tools to close the gap